ASSESSING THE PHYSICAL CHANGES AND THE STRESSES ON THE COASTAL AREAS USING GEOINFORMATICS FROM SIPASURUBILI TO MOHANIPUR, PURI, ODISHA
Keywords:Climate Change, Coast, impacts, Vulnerability, Remote Sensing, Stress, Ecosystem, GIS.
Climate change occurs naturally besides it has increased after the involvement of human activities. The impacts are observed in agriculture, transport, forestry, maritime and coast etc. Majorly the impacts of climate change are observed on the agricultural sector and on the coastal sector. Most of the people residing near/on the coast are directly or indirectly relying on coast for their livelihoods, which in turn also has direct along with indirect impacts on the marine life. Coastal areas are one of the important key systems for global sustainability. These are the transition areas between land and sea. The activities have put the Indian coastal areas under threat along with multiple stressors like global climatic change and human interference. These stressors are driving vulnerabilities like sea-level rise, coastal erosion, frequent extreme events, and saltwater intrusion. In this scenario, the most important thing in the last two decades has been the coastal management. In the present research, the main focus is given on the coastal area of Puri beach which covers the coastline from Sipasurubili to Mohanipur. In recent years, there has been much focus on the coastal vulnerability assessments using various kinds of data. Keeping the applications of satellite based remote sensing and GIS in the study of the coastal area, this research tries to assess the impacts of humans and what are the various physical changes that have occurred in decades.