REVIEW ON TRADITIONAL AND ADVANCE USE OF MORINGA OLEIFERA AS FOOD AND MEDICINE
Keywords:Moringa oleifera, Nutritional value, edible products, traditional use
The review aimed to highlight the Moringa oleifera plants uses traditional to advance uses of Moringa and how to improve nutritional value in daily edible product. Moringa dried leaves use different recipe and value added food using Moringa leaf. M. oleifera is used to treat a variety of conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, stress, skin, cancer, and many others. They can be consumed fresh or dried. Moringa all part is edible like leaves, fruits, root and bark. From leaves of M. oleifera the product are prepare like chocolate, paneer, biscuit, cake, yogurt, khakhara, chin-chin, muffins. The study shown some interesting information provides a breakdown of the findings regarding the usage of the Moringa species in Nigeria by ethnicity as well as the applications of Moringa oleifera in different food recipe improves their nutritional and functional value.
Abd Rani NZ, Husain K, Kumolosasi E. Moringa Genus: A Review of Phytochemistry and Pharmacology. Front Pharmacol. 2018 Feb 16;9:108. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00108. PMID: 29503616; PMCID: PMC5820334.
Alam M, Alam M, Hakim M, Huq Abdul, Obidul A,
C. Sutalangka, J. Wattanathorn, S. Muchimapura, W. Thukham-mee,Moringa oleifera mitigates memory impairment and neurodegenerationin animal model of age-related dementia, Oxid. Med. Cell. Longev. 2013(2013) 1–9.
Chinma C, Abu J, Akoma S. Effect of germinated tigernut And Moringa flour blends on the quality of wheat-based Bread Food Process. Preserv. 2014; 38:721-727.
Drumstick leaves extraction the nutritional quality of Moringa paneer prepared from different blend of cow Milk and leaves extract. Prog. Agric. 2010; 10(1):98-101.
Emelike NJT, Ebere CO. Effect of Drying Techniques of Moringa Leaf on the Quality of Chin-Chin Enriched with Moringa Leaf Powder. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT). 2016; 10(4):65-70.
Fahey, J. W. (2005). Moringa oleifera: a review of the medical evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic, and prophylactic properties. Part 1. Trees for life Journal, 1(5), 1-15.
Fuglie, L. J. (1999). The miracle tree: Moringa oleifera, natural nutrition for the tropics.
G.H.F. Viera, J.A. Mourão, ́.M. ́ngelo, R.A. Costa, R.H.S.D.F. Vieira,Antibacterial effect (in vitro) of Moringa oleifera and Annona muricataagainst Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, Rev. Inst. Med. Trop.Sao Paulo 52 (2010) 129–132.
G.S. Mahajan, A.A. Mehta, Anti-arthritic activity of hydroalcoholic extractof flowers of Moringa oleifera lam. in Wistar rats, J. Herbs Spices Med.Plants 15 (2009) 149–163.
Gassenschmidt, U., Jany, K. D., Bernhard, T., & Niebergall, H. (1995). Isolation and characterization of a flocculating protein from Moringa oleifera Lam. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects, 1243(3), 477-481.
Hekmat S, Morgan K, Soltani M, Gough R. Sensory evaluation of locally grown fruit purees and inulin fibre On probiotic yogurt in Mwanza, Tanzania and the Microbial Analysis of Probiotic Yogurt Fortified with Moringa oleifera. Journal of health, population and Nutrition. 2015; 33(1):60-7.
Joshi P, Mehta D. Effect of dehydration on the nutritive Value of drumstick leaves. Journal of Metabolomics and Systems Biology. 2010; 1(1):5-9.
K. Baker, C.B. Marcus, K. Huffman, H. Kruk, B. Malfroy, S.R. Doctrow,Synthetic combined superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics are protectiveas a delayed treatment in a rat stroke model: a key role for reactive oxy-gen species in ischemic brain injury, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 284 (1998)215–221.
Khalafalla, M. M., Abdellatef, E., Dafalla, H. M., Nassrallah, A. A., Aboul-Enein, K. M., Lightfoot, D. A., ... & El-Shemy, H. A. (2010). Active principle from Moringa oleifera Lam leaves effective against two leukemias and a hepatocarcinoma. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(49), 8467-8471.
Leone, A., Spada, A., Battezzati, A., Schiraldi, A., Aristil, J., & Bertoli, S. (2016). Moringa oleifera seeds and oil: Characteristics and uses for human health. International journal of molecular sciences, 17(12), 2141.
M.K. Choudhary, S.H. Bodakhe, S.K. Gupta, Assessment of the antiulcer potential of Moringa oleifera root-bark extract in rats, JAMS J. Acupunct. Meridian Stud. 6 (2013) 214–220.
Maghu TK, Sharma A, Younis K. Effect of drumstick Leaves incorporation on Khakhra. E-book: Plant based Natural products: Derivatives and Applications Edited by Shahid Ul Islam, Ist edition, 2017; 129-142.
Moktadir S. Development of fiber enriched herbal Biscuits: a preliminary study on sensory evaluation and Chemical composition. Int. J Nutr. Food Sci. 2014; 3:246-250
O.S. Adeyemi, T.C. Elebiyo, Moringa oleifera supplemented diets pre-vented nickel-induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats, J. Nutr. Metab. 2014(2014) 1–8.
Oduro I, Ellis WO, Owusu D. Nutritional potential of twoLeafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatas Leaves. Scientific Research and Essa. 2008; 3(2):057-060.Sachan P, Khan BL, Yadav MPS, Sonkar S. Effect of
Olsen, A. (1987). Low technology water purification by bentonite clay and Moringa oleifera seed flocculation as performed in Sudanese villages: effects on Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. Water research, 21(5), 517-522.
Palada, M. C. (2019). Economic Importance. The Miracle Tree: Moringa Oleifera.
Popoola, J. O., & Obembe, O. O. (2013). Local knowledge, use pattern and geographical distribution of Moringa oleifera Lam.(Moringaceae) in Nigeria. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 150(2), 682-691..
Srinivasamurthy S, Yadav U, Sahay S, Singh A. Development of muffin by incorporation of Dried Moringa oleifera (Drumstick) leaf powder with Enhanced micronutrient content. International journal of Food Science and Nutrition. 2017; 2(4):173-178.
T.G. Monera, C.C. Maponga, Prevalence and patterns of Moringa oleiferause among HIV positive patients in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional survey, J.Public Health Africa 3 (2012) 6–8.
W. Kirisattayakul, J. Wattanathorn, T. Tong-Un, S. Muchimapura, P. Wan-nanon, J. Jittiwat, Cerebroprotective effect of Moringa oleifera against focalischemic stroke induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion, Oxid. Med.Cell. Longev. 2013 (2013) 10–13
W. Kirisattayakul, J. Wattanathorn, T. Tong-Un, S. Muchimapura, P. Wan-nanon, J. Jittiwat, Cerebroprotective effect of Moringa oleifera against focal ischemic stroke induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion, Oxid. Med.Cell. Longev. 2013 (2013) 10–13.