PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF SOME TREE SPECIES UNDER ROADSIDE POLLUTION IN KALUPUR AREA OF AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT
Keywords:Air pollution, stomatal index, RWC, pH, Total Chlorophyll, Azadirachta indica, Polyalthia longifolia, Alstonia scholaris, Ficus religiosa
Plants can be used to mitigate increasing air pollution from vehicular exhaust by planting them along roadside. The present study focuses on the changes on physiological parameters selected tree species growing along road passing through Kalupur fruit market and Vimal Park society, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The leaf samples of four trees were collected observe some physiological and biochemical parameters including pH of the leaf extract, Relative Water Content, Stomatal index, and Total Chlorophyll. Result of study showed that Ficus religiosa has the highest pH of leaf extract at polluted site, Azadirachta indica has highest total chlorophyll compared to non-polluted and Polyalthia longifolia has highest Stomatal index and RWC.
Agbaire, P. O., & Esiefarienrhe, E. (2009). Air Pollution tolerance indices (apti) of some plants around Otorogun Gas Plant in Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 13(1).
Arnon, D. I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant physiology, 24(1), 1.
Bamniya, B. R., Kapoor, C. S., Kapoor, K., & Kapasya, V. (2012). Harmful effects of air pollution on physiological activities of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 14, 115-124.
Barwise, Y., & Kumar, P. (2020). Designing vegetation barriers for urban air pollution abatement: A practical review for appropriate plant species selection. Npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 3(1), 12.
Bowler, D. E., Buyung-Ali, L., Knight, T. M., & Pullin, A. S. (2010). Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence. Landscape and urban planning, 97(3), 147-155.
Curtis, A. J., Helmig, D., Baroch, C., Daly, R., & Davis, S. (2014). Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from nine tree species used in an urban tree-planting program. Atmospheric Environment, 95, 634-643.
Dineva, S. B. (2004). Comparative studies of the leaf morphology and structure of white ash Fraxinus americana L. and London plane tree Platanus acerifolia Willd growing in polluted area. Dendrobiology, 52, 3-8.
Ileperuma, O. A., & Abeyratne, V. D. (2001). Development of passive gas sampling techniques to monitor air pollution levels in cities of the Third World; A Case Study from Sri Lanka. Analytical Sciences/Supplements, 17(0), a291-a293.
Joshi, P. C., & Swami, A. (2007). Physiological responses of some tree species under roadside automobile pollution stress around city of Haridwar, India. Environmentalist, 27(3), 365-374.
Jyothi, S. J., & Jaya, D. S. (2010). Evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected plant species along roadsides in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Journal of Environmental Biology, 31(3), 379-386.
Kanwar, K., Dhamala, M. K., & Maskey-Byanju, R. (2016). Air pollution tolerance index: An approach towards the effective green belt around Kathmandu metropolitan city, Nepal. Nepal Journal of Environmental Science, 4, 23-29.
Karmakar, D., Deb, K., & Padhy, P. K. (2021). Ecophysiological responses of tree species due to air pollution for biomonitoring of environmental health in urban area. Urban Climate, 35, 100741.
Lawlor, D. W. (2002). Limitation to photosynthesis in water‐stressed leaves: stomata vs. metabolism and the role of ATP. Annals of botany, 89(7), 871-885.
Leghari, S. K., & Zaidi, M. A. (2013). Effect of air pollution on the leaf morphology of common plant species of Quetta city. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45(S1), 447-454.
Liu, Y. J., & Ding, H. U. I. (2008). Variation in air pollution tolerance index of plants near a steel factory: Implication for landscape-plant species selection for industrial areas. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and development, 4(1), 24-32.
Manjunath, B. T., & Reddy, J. (2019). Comparative evaluation of air pollution tolerance of plants from polluted and non-polluted regions of Bengaluru. Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology, 7(3), 63-68.
Prasad, D. Choudhury (1992). Effects of air pollution. Environmental pollution air, environmental pollution and hazards series. Venus Publishing House, New Delhi, 58-60.
Pugh, T. A., MacKenzie, A. R., Whyatt, J. D., & Hewitt, C. N. (2012). Effectiveness of green infrastructure for improvement of air quality in urban street canyons. Environmental science & technology, 46(14), 7692-7699.
Rai, P. K. (2013). Environmental magnetic studies of particulates with special reference to biomagnetic monitoring using roadside plant leaves. Atmospheric Environment, 72, 113-129.
Rai, P. K. (2016). Biodiversity of roadside plants and their response to air pollution in an Indo-Burma hotspot region: implications for urban ecosystem restoration. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 9(1), 47-55.
Rai, P. K., Panda, L. L., Chutia, B. M., & Singh, M. M. (2013). Comparative assessment of air pollution tolerance index (APTI) in the industrial (Rourkela) and non-industrial area (Aizawl) of India: An ecomanagement approach. African journal of environmental science and technology, 7(10), 944-948.
Shrestha, S., Baral, B., Dhital, N. B., & Yang, H. H. (2021). Assessing air pollution tolerance of plant species in vegetation traffic barriers in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Sustainable Environment Research, 31, 1-9.
Singh, S. K., Rao, D. N., Agrawal, M., Pandey, J., & Naryan, D. (1991). Air pollution tolerance index of plants. Journal of Environmental Management, 32(1), 45-55.
Singh, S. K., Singh, R. K., Singh, R. S., Pal, D., Singh, K. K., & Singh, P. K. (2019). Screening potential plant species for arresting particulates in Jharia coalfield, India. Sustainable Environment Research, 29(1), 1-14.
Tak, A. A., & Kakde, U. B. (2017). Assessment of air pollution tolerance index of plants: a comparative study. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(7), 83-89.
Tanee, F. B. G., & Albert, E. (2013). Air pollution tolerance indices of plants growing around Umuebulu Gas Flare Station in Rivers State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7(1), 1-8.
Tiwari, S., Agrawal, M., & Marshall, F. M. (2006). Evaluation of ambient air pollution impact on carrot plants at a sub urban site using open top chambers. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 119, 15-30.
Varshney, C. K., & Mitra, I. (1993). Importance of hedges in improving urban air quality. Landscape and urban planning, 25(1-2), 85-93.
Volkov, A. G., Hairston, J. S., Marshall, J., Bookal, A., Dholichand, A., & Patel, D. (2020). Plasma seeds: Cold plasma accelerates Phaseolus vulgaris seed imbibition, germination, and speed of seedling growth. Plasma Medicine, 10(3).
Zhang, T., Yu, L. X., Zheng, P., Li, Y., Rivera, M., Main, D., & Greene, S. L. (2015). Identification of loci associated with drought resistance traits in heterozygous autotetraploid alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) using genome-wide association studies with genotyping by sequencing. PLoS one, 10(9), e0138931.
Han, Y., Wang, Q. Y., & Han, G. X. (1995). The analysis about SOD activities in leaves of plants and resistance classification of them. Journal of Liaoning University (Natural Sciences Edition), 22(2), 71-74.
Singh, S. K., & Rao, D. N. (1983). Evaluation of plants for their tolerance to air pollution. In Proceedings of symposium on air pollution control, 1(1), 218-224.